Research view


Title: Qualitative versus quantitative study of distress in a sample of young age breast cancer survivors
Author: Mahmoud A. Batrawi, Hanaa A. El Sayed, Hoda A. Hussein, Sherine M. Abdel Mawella, Nagwan M. Madbouly and Shereen M. Fawzi
Context Breast cancer survivors suffer from distress that extends along a continuum: from common normal feelings of vulnerability to disabling psychiatric symptoms. Aim The aim of this study is to describe the `lived` experience of distress in a sample of young breast cancer survivors using a person-centered approach, determine the coping mechanisms used, and the prevalence of anxiety and depression in these patients. Patients and methods This is a cross-sectional descriptive study in which 30 Egyptian female breast cancer survivors diagnosed between the age of 20 and 40 years were selected among the patients attending the outpatient clinic of the Oncology Department, Cairo University Hospitals. The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale was used to assess the prevalence of anxiety and depression among a sample of survivors and the Coping Processes Scale was used to determine the coping processes that they use in the face of their distress. A person-centered approach was used to determine the extent of their distress and gain a better knowledge of each survivor’s experience with cancer. Results The prevalence of anxiety was 70.0% and that of depression was 63.3%. There was a statistically significant negative association between acceptance and depression and a negative association between seeking information and social support and anxiety. Conclusion Each patient had different experiences and different stress-related cancer effects and management. Each patient is unique in her experience so we must listen to each patient. Keywords: breast cancer, coping, distress, person-centered approach, survivors
Distributor: Egypt J Psychiatr 38:172–178